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Simulators

According to the requirements for ECDIS training in SCTW 2010, all the mariners are required to be trained and tested for competency with approved simulators meeting international standards. Simulation facilities are essential for both exercising and training. Simulation  facilities  are  essential  for  not only exercising  and  training, but  also  for  research  and  technological  development in maritime industry (STCW 2010 (Manila Amendments), 2010).

With high-quality simulators, the mariners will be able to have intuitive, realistic, and flexible training with realistic visuals, genuine control levers and steering systems. Especially, the simulators are customizable to different ship types, control systems and training areas for different lesson plans. There are several types of simulator, such as crane simulators, engine room simulators, ships bridge simulators, DP simulators,...

It is undeniable that, because of the requirements of IMO, there are more and more training needs for mariners in Vietnam and the regions. Hence, all different training institutions are required to upgrade the facilities for education, in order to meet the international requirements (Vietnam Maritime University, 2014).

In order to accelerate those projects to improve the quality of seafarer training and employment in Vietnam,... for the strict standards of the transport enterprises nowadays, most of the maritime training institutions have upgraded their training facilities with ship bridge simulator, RADAR, GMDSS, or ARPA simulators,... (Vietnam Maritime Administration, 2015)

Hence, Inmatech are honored to cooperate and provide the most modern simulator systems for all the training institutions in the domestic and regional maritime industries that are in need. We distribute all different types of simulators from the most reputable manufacturers in the world, including Kongsberg, PC Maritime,...

Click here to download our brochure

 
The Desktop ECDIS Trainer consists of software for simulated vessels, outside view and navigation instruments, and DNV Type Approved Navmaster ECDIS for Training software. The Bridge Operation simulator is certified by DNV as a Class A Full Mission Bridge Simulator (see Appendix H). This implies that the Desktop ECDIS Trainer can also be certified by DNV as Class C, since it uses the same software.
Main Benefits
  • Enables delivery of generic ECDIS training according to IMO ECDIS Model Course 1.27, July 2012 revision
  • Type-approved simulator and ECDIS, satisfying inspection authorities eg Port State Control, insurance inspectors, charterers, accident investigators
  • Individual and classroom training
  • Large groups can be trained simultaneously but at their own speed
  • High-quality visuals & modelling
  • Flexible set-up - the number of trainee stations is easily expandable over time
  • User-friendly student and instructor software
  • Radar/ARPA training option with add-on module

Introduction
The Desktop ECDIS Trainer consists of software for simulated vessels, outside view and navigation instruments, and DNV Type-Approved Navmaster ECDIS for Training software.
The Bridge Operation simulator is certified by DNV as a Class A Full Mission Bridge Simulator (see Appendix H). This implies that the Desktop ECDIS Trainer can also be certified by DNV as Class C, since it uses the same software.
An optional Instructor Station can be used to fine-tune vessel properties and to create exercises.

 Desktop Simulator with six screens for outside view, Navmaster ECDIS, radar/ARPA, and ship instruments and a medium size ship control box
Figure 1. Desktop Simulator with six screens for outside view, Navmaster ECDIS, radar/ARPA, and ship instruments and a medium size ship control box
Visual Display Systems
The Trainee Station software can show the outside view from the simulated vessel on one or more screens. One license can drive up to three outside view screens, driven by one PC. Additional screens can be provided by additional PCs and licenses, which are then linked to the primary simulator.
Bridge wing/binocular view
The outside view can be set to different locations on the vessel, like the bridge wings, the stern and the deck. It is possible to walk around on the vessel freely and take any position on the vessel. With a button, a binocular or bearing compass view can be used, as shown in Figure 2.
 
The outside view can be switched to either a binocular or bearing view, or combined.
Figure 2. The outside view can be switched to either a binocular or bearing view, or combined.
Standard Navigation Screens
The Trainee Station software includes a number of navigation screens. The conning screen can be switched to any of these views. Some of these are shown in Appendix C and include:
  • Basic chart
  • Basic radar/ARPA
  • Sound/horn control
  • Navigation light control
  • Autopilot
  • Conning
  • Gyro
  • Magnetic compass
  • Alarms
  • Various overhead panels, fully configurable
For ECDIS training, the Basic Radar/ARPA is sufficient; it addresses most of the radar related requirements of the IMO ECDIS Model Course 1.27. For more advanced training the optional Radar Interface Module can generate a radar video signal for display as an overlay on the electronic chart.
Image of Type Approved Radar/ARPA screen
Figure 3. Image of Type Approved Radar/ARPA screen
Navmaster ECDIS for Training
Navmaster ECDIS for Training is DNV Type-approved ECDIS software which can be run on standard PCs and networks. All the practical elements of IMO Model Course 1.27 can be carried out, recorded and assessed.
Key benefits:
  • Up-to-date against all current regulations
  • Supports all official chart formats
  • Includes AIS & ARPA, advanced passage planning, lines of position, parallel indexing
  • Voyage data can be replayed
  • Connects to bridge simulators via standard NMEA interface
  • Electronic charts at half price or in some areas free
  • Network installation allows large classes to be taken at once
 Image of DNV Type Approved Navmaster ECDIS
Figure 4. Image of DNV Type Approved Navmaster ECDIS
Ship Controls
Any vessel in can be controlled in several ways:
  • Using keyboard keys or mouse
  • Using a ship control menu on the outside view display
  • Using an optional ship control box with a USB interface – see Appendix B for details.
Console
All software and hardware components can be built into a console to resemble a ship’s navigation console. A console set-up can be upgraded with additional hardware and software components to qualify as a DNV Class B Full Mission Bridge Simulator.
Set-up with bridge console for greater realism
Figure 5 Set-up with bridge console for greater realism
Optional software modules
Additional software modules are available to supplement the Desktop ECDIS Trainer. Please ask if you would like more detail.
  • Tug module featuring the world’s most advanced ship-tug interaction at the bow and stern
  • Naval Task Force module featuring a series of naval vessels and operations such as flag communications, replenishment at sea, beach landings
  • Port Security Awareness module featuring a series of port security and surveillance vessels, and missions to learn to detect and act upon suspicious situations like drug trafficking.
  • Offshore module containing additional functionality needed for DNV DP Class C type trainers, and a series of offshore vessels and oil rigs.
  • Search and Rescue module containing a number of Coastguard vessels and SAR related functionality.
  • Port Creation Tool, with which you can develop new ports and other sailing environments with S-57 Electronic Navigation Charts (ENC), satellite photos, NASA height files and other external data.
Instructor Station
The Trainee Station already includes a Mission Editor for preparing and storing exercises. The optional Instructor Station module allows instructors to monitor trainees in a classroom, to participate in real-time training exercises, to change vessel properties and to place/modify buoys in 3D sailing environments. See Appendix D for more details.
One Instructor Station can control up to 10 students interactively in a multiplayer session. More students can run training exercises on their own, without interactivity with the instructor and other trainees. The IMO recommends a maximum of 12 students to be supervised by one instructor. According to the IMO, “When a class size exceeds 12 trainees, an assistant instructor is required in both settings, qualified to the satisfaction of the lead instructor.”
 Classroom/debriefing area with four Desktop Trainers and Instructor Station in the foreground
Figure 6. Classroom/debriefing area with four Desktop Trainers and Instructor Station in the foreground
Session Recording & Debriefing
Training sessions can be recorded on the Instructor Station. All vessel positions are recorded and actions like towing, mooring, anchoring. The instructor can play back images, video or session recordings of the exercise. When the recorded session is played back, different viewpoints can be taken at will by the instructor, for example on the bridge of the vessels that took part in the exercise.
Example debriefing area with 6 student seats, an instructor station and a projector.
Figure 7. Example debriefing area with 6 student seats, an instructor station and a projector.
Computer Hardware
Each Desktop ECDIS Trainer consists of one or more PCs and several screens.
Desktop setup (up to three displays can be attached)
OS: Windows® 7 64bit
CPU: Intel® Core i5 or i7 with at least 3.3Ghz [eg Intel i5-2500 or i7-2600 models]
RAM: 8 GB or more
Video: ATI Radeon HD 6950 or better
Hard Disk Space: 20 GB
Sound: DirectX® 9.0 compatible sound card or onboard sound
Power supply: 520 watt output or more from high quality PSU brand [eg Antec, Delta, Enermax, FSP,OCZ,
Seasonic, etc]
Other: Keyboard, Speakers and Mouse with scroll wheel
Desktop setup (with four to six displays attached)
OS: Windows® 7 64bit
CPU: Intel® Core i5 or i7 with at least 3.3Ghz [eg Intel i5-2500 or i7-2600 models]
RAM: 8 GB or more
Video: ASUS EAH6950 DCII/2DI4S/2GD5 or ASUS EAH6970 DCII/2DI4S/2GD5. (Note: these are both 3-slot cards)
Hard Disk Space: 20 GB
Sound: DirectX® 9.0 compatible sound card or onboard sound
Power supply: 520 watt output or more from high quality PSU brand [eg Antec, Delta, Enermax, FSP,OCZ,
Seasonic, etc]
Other: Keyboard, Speakers and Mouse with scroll wheel
NB To connect more than two displays, the displays require a DisplayPort video input or ‘Active MiniDisplay
Port to DVI Adapters’. All connected monitors/displays must support the same native resolution.
Warranty & Support
Warranty
Six months warranty on the software is included starting from date of installation.
Support
Installation and User manuals are provided in English in PDF format. Standard Support is provided free during the warranty period and annual support packages are available.
Support Feature Standard
Support
Additional
Support Package
Basic Advanced
Documentation: Installation and usage documentation in English in PDF format X X X
Onlinesupport: Access to online support website with frequently asked questions X X X
Helpdesk: Access to the phone and email helpdesk   X X
Bugfixes: Maintenance Releases issued   X X
Softwareupdates: Minor Releases issued, including new functionality,
vessels and exercise environments
    X
Portenvironmentupdates: The ports are updated every 6 months, to bring
the seabeds and buoys in line with the changes as issued by the hydrographic
authorities and ECDIS chart providers.
    X
Remote upport: (high speed internet required)     X
On-sitesupport: Optional on-site support (expenses invoiced separately based on
time and materials)
    X
Upgrades: 20% discount on Major Releases of software, during the agreement period
for the number and type of software licenses with an Advanced Support Agreement
    X
Warranty & Support
Software installation, testing and training can be quoted and includes:
1. Configure the visual displays and computers.
2. Create, save, and modify scenarios on the instructor station. This includes working with instructors to build
some scenarios that support their training objectives.
3. Record and play back scenarios to debrief students.
4. Review other features such as the object editor (to change connection points on vessels, lighting
configuration, and hydrodynamic characteristics) and the chart editor to modify navaids and currents.
5. Understand how to move displays and call up different instrumentation panels.
6. How to contact the Helpdesk to resolve any unforeseen issues.
At the end of the trainer and technician courses VSTEP issue certificates to prove to national and international
authorities that the instructors have been trained and can competently use the simulator.
Appendix A – Alternative Configurations
Many different simulator configurations are possible, dependent on client preferences, the need for portability, the available room space and the available budget. All set-ups can run from just one or two PCs with multiple display outputs.
Portable set-up with a high-spec laptop driving an additional display. Either the laptop or the display can show the outside view, the other can show one or more navigation instruments, including ECDIS or radar.
Figure A1. Portable set-up with a high-spec laptop driving an additional display. Either the laptop or the display can show the outside view, the other can show one or more navigation instruments, including ECDIS or radar.
Three-screen set-up for IMO ECDIS Model Course 1.27, with the radar, outside view, Navmaster ECDIS, and optional small ship control box.
Figure A2. Three-screen set-up for IMO ECDIS Model Course 1.27, with the radar, outside view, Navmaster ECDIS, and optional small ship control box.
Set-up with single outside view, radar/ARPA, Navmaster ECDIS, conning which can be switched to other instruments like autopilot and small ship control box.
Figure A3. Set-up with single outside view, radar/ARPA, Navmaster ECDIS, conning which can be switched to other instruments like autopilot and small ship control box.
Set-up with a 3-screen outside view, radar/ARPA, Navmaster ECDIS, conning and small ship control box.
Figure A4. Set-up with a 3-screen outside view, radar/ARPA, Navmaster ECDIS, conning and small ship control box.
Set-up with chart table, single outside view, radar, ECDIS, and communications trainer.
Figure A5. Set-up with chart table, single outside view, radar, ECDIS, and communications trainer.
Set-up with 3-screen outside view, radar/ARPA, ECDIS, conning, Communications Trainer and medium ship control box.
Figure A6. Set-up with 3-screen outside view, radar/ARPA, ECDIS, conning, Communications Trainer and medium ship control box.
Set-up with cylindrical projection, providing the trainee with a seamless 140-degree outside view.
Figure A7. Set-up with cylindrical projection, providing the trainee with a seamless 140-degree outside view.
 
Classroom Configuration
The Desktop ECDIS Simulator in a classroom configuration is a very cost-effective method of training larger groups of students, to reduce the workload on the instructor and better prepare students before they enter a full mission bridge simulator.
The classroom configuration consists of multiple trainee stations, each with a PC and ship control box. An optional Instructor Station can be added to ensure the instructor can control exercises in real time. A typical classroom setup would consist of one to two Instructor Stations with 5 to 20 Trainee Stations but can be expanded to as many trainee stations as you require.
Example of a classroom configuration with 4 six-screen desktop trainers, instructor station and debriefing area
Figure A10. Example of a classroom configuration with 4 six-screen desktop trainers, instructor station and debriefing area
Example of a classroom configuration with 6 three-screen desktop trainers.
Figure A11. Example of a classroom configuration with 6 three-screen desktop trainers.
Appendix B – Ship Control boxes
While the Desktop ECDIS Trainer can be operated by mouse and keyboard, you can enhance the realism of the training experience with a ship control box. The Basic Ship Control box (Figure B1) is a compact controller made of steel. The controller buttons, throttles and steering bar can be easily assigned to any function, providing complete freedom to create the scheme most suited to your needs.
If a steering wheel is needed, the Medium-size Control Box is larger and made to order with 4-6 weeks production time. See Figure B2 below.
basic ship contrrol box
Figure B1. basic ship contrrol box
medium-size ship control box
Figure B2. medium-size ship control box
The Advanced Ship Control Box is a larger unit offering realistic controls, steering wheel and a choice of conventional or azimuth type controls. Figures B3 and B4 show examples of different configurations.
Advanced Ship Control Box with conventional controls
Figure B3: Advanced Ship Control Box
with conventional controls
Advanced Ship Control Box with azimuth controls
Figure B4: Advanced Ship Control Box with azimuth controls
The Advanced Ship Control Box is a larger unit offering realistic controls, steering wheel and a choice of conventional or azimuth type controls. Figures B3 and B4 show examples of different configurations.
Appendix C - Standard Navigational Instruments
The Trainee Station software includes a number of navigation screens, some of which are shown in images below. The Conning Screen of the Desktop Trainer can be switched to any of these views.
The Trainee Station software includes a number of navigation screens, some of which are shown in images below. The Conning Screen of the Desktop Trainer can be switched to any of these views.
Examples of navigation panels that are included in NAUTIS
Examples of navigation panels that are included in NAUTIS
Figure C1. Examples of navigation panels that are included in NAUTIS
The outside view screen of can be switched to a binocular and bearing view. These can also be combined.
Figure C2. The outside view screen of can be switched to a binocular and bearing view. These can also be combined.
Appendix D - Instructor Station
Instructor Station is a collection of software programs which provides instructors with a set of tools to enable full control of scenarios, vessels, environments and exercises.
  • ExerciseManager, which is used to create and control exercises.
  • ObjectEditor, to modify ship hydrodynamics characteristics, placement of navigation and morse lights, mooring points, navigation and ship control instruments, flag lines, and the layout of the conning screen.
  • Chart Data Editor, to add and change buoy locations and characteristics on charts.
  • Ocean Editor to modify the ocean wave characteristics.
  • Trainee Assessment & Analysis Module (optional module). With this extra module, the instructor can set monitoring and assessment parameters on the chart, like the maximum speed in a certain area of the port, the correct position for anchoring, the correct distance from other vessels etc.
With the Exercise Manager component of the Instructor Station, the instructor can carry out the following tasks:
  • Prepare an exercise. Select a training environment, and add one or more vessels in it, using the easy drag-and-drop interface. Set the weather conditions and time of the day. Save the exercise for later use, or start straight away.
  • Create a complex track and add target vessels or helicopters to it.
  • The Instructor Station has both a 3D bird's eye view of the environment and a 2D chart view. The instructor can easily move to any location, and take the viewpoint of any of the vessels.
  • Assign trainees that are logged into the exercise to one of the vessels. Up to 10 trainees can simultaneously be added to one and the same exercise.
  • Start, pause, record or stop the exercise.
  • Introduce faults and failures to the engines and other equipment on the trainee’s vessel

During an exercise, the instructor can perform the following actions:

  • Change the weather, visibility and time of day
  • Show a trail of all ship movements
  • Shift any of the vessels to a different position
  • Add new target vessels, and set their speed and direction, or add them to a complex track
  • Change the track of the AI vessels or helicopters, for example put them on a collision course with the trainee’s vessel
The instructor can control the following items on any of the vessels in the exercise, including the trainee vessel
  • Navigation lights
  • Mooring lines, anchors and towing lines (plus distance and replenishment lines in vessels of the Naval Task Force Module.)
  • Warning marks and signalling flags
  • Sound signals, both manual and automatic
  • Morse lights
The instructor can assume the role of another vessel or helicopter, interacting with the trainee. He can take control of different vessels and other objects during the course of an exercise. For example:
  • A tugboat, in a mooring or unmooring exercise
  • A ship in distress, during a rescue exercise
  • A helicopter, in a helicopter landing or rescue operations exercise
  • A drowning man during a Man Over Board exercise
Training sessions can be recorded on the Instructor Station in several ways:
  • Session recording, where all vessel positions are recorded, and actions like towing, mooring, anchoring. When such a recorded session is played back, different viewpoints can be taken at will by the instructor, for example on the bridge of all the vessels that took part in the exercise.
  • Chart track recording, and images or video recordings from the ECDIS
  • Video recording of the trainee’s radar/ARPA screen
  • Camera recording - in the Class A Simulator, a camera will be mounted which can be monitored by the instructor.
During exercise debriefing, the instructor can play back images, video or session recordings of the exercise.
The images below show the Instructor Station.
Weather panel of the Exercise Editor
Figure F1. Weather panel of the Exercise Editor
Ship Dynamics Editor. It has a large range of parameters to fine-tune the vessel dynamics.
Figure F2. Ship Dynamics Editor. It has a large range of parameters to fine-tune the vessel dynamics.
Below, an image is shown of a typical Instructor Station configuration for managing one or more desktop trainers.
Instructor station configuration. Other configurations are possible.
Figure F3. Instructor station configuration. Other configurations are possible.
Appendix F – List of ports
includes the Standard Environments listed below. Additional Add-on Environments can be purchased separately. Other environments can be developed on request.
Standard Environments
  • Solent, UK
  • San Francisco, USA
  • Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  • New York, USA
  • Marseille, France
  • Hamburg, Germany
  • English Channel
  • Dover, UK
  • Padstow approach, Cornwall, UK
  • Calais, France
  • Open Ocean
 
Add-on Environments
  • Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • Veracruz, Mexico
  • Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Rio Paraná, Argentina
  • New York approach, USA
  • Gibraltar Strait
  • Port Klang, Malaysia
  • Varna, Bulgaria
  • Singapore
  • Norfolk, Virginia, USA
  • Bosporus, Turkey
  • Dardanelles Strait, Turkey
Environments under development:
  • San Diego, USA
  • Newark, New Jersey, USA
  • Long Beach CA , USA
  • Los Angeles, USA
  • Galveston Houston, USA
 Image of the port of Dover
Figure H1. Image of the port of Dover
Appendix G - Vessel database
includes the following vessels:
WorkboatsHarbour tug
  • Harbour tug
  • Coastal rescue boat (SAR)
  • Pilot boat
  • Harbour patrol boat (P6)
  • Incident response vessel (Port Authorities)
Seagoing vessels
  • Cruise ferry
  • Cruise ship
  • Raptor Class Passenger & Car Ferry
  • Fast ferry
  • Large container vessel
  • Large heavy lift vessel
  • Multi-purpose freighter
  • VLCC
Inland vessels
  • Inland pushboat (towboat)
  • Inland container vessel
Special vessels and other objects
  • Hovercraft
  • Fishing vessel (Cutter Class)
  • Natural gas platform
  • Speed yacht
  • Water taxi
  • Seagoing Motor tugboat
  • Seagoing Steam tugboat
Specialized vessels are available in the various optional software modules like Naval Task Force (20 naval vessels), Tug Trainer (6 port tugs), Port Security Awareness (8 port security vessels).
Trainee Station also includes a large number of vessels which can be used as autonomous moving vessel in exercises (“Target vessels”). The “Own Vessel” types listed above can also be used as Target Vessel.
Image showing some of the vessels in NAUTIS.
Figure 11. Image showing some of the vessels in NAUTIS.
Appendix I - Competencies addressed by bridge simulators
From: DNV Standards for Certification No. 2.14, Maritime Simulator Systems, January 2011
Note: the DNV Class C specification does not include an outside view display, which is standard for all based simulators. As a result, a Desktop ECDIS Trainer based on the DNV Class C specification can be used for more training objectives than are listed in the table below.
STCW reference Competence
Class B
(NAV)
Class B
(NAV)
Class C
(NAV)
Class S
(NAV)
Table A-II/1.1 Plan and conduct a passage and determine position A B   (S)
Table A-II/1.2 Maintain a safe navigational watch A B   (S)
Table A-II/1.3 Use of radar and ARPA to maintain safety of navigation A B C (S)
Table A-II/1.4 Use of ECDIS to maintain the safety of navigation A B C (S)
Table A-II/1.5 Respond to emergencies A B C (S)
Table A-II/1.6 Respond to a distress signal at sea A B C (S)
Table A-II/1.8 Transmit and receive information by visual signalling A B C (S)
Table A-II/1.9 Manoeuvre the ship A B C (S)
Table A-II/2.1 Plan a voyage and conduct navigation A B   (S)
Table A-II/2.2 Determine position and the accuracy of resultant position fix by any means A B   (S)
Table A-II/2.3 Determine and allow for compass errors A B   (S)
Table A-II/2.4 Co-ordinate search and rescue operations A B   (S)
Table A-II/2.5 Establish watchkeeping arrangements and procedures A B   (S)
Table A-II/2.6 Maintain safe navigation through the use of information from navigation equipment and systems to assist command decision-making A B C (S)
Table A-II/2.7 Maintain the safety of navigation through the use of ECDIS and associated navigation systems to assist command decision making A B C (S)
Table A-II/2.10 Manoeuvre and handle a ship in all conditions A     (S)
Table A-II/2.11 Operate remote controls of propulsion plant and A     (S)
Table A-II/3.1 Plan and conduct a coastal passage and determine position A B   (S)
Table A-II/3.2 Maintain a safe navigational watch A B   (S)
Table A-II/3.3 Respond to emergencies A B C (S)
Table A-II/3.4 Respond to a distress signal at sea A B C (S)
Table A-II/3.5 Manoeuvre the ship and operate small ship power plants A      
Table A-II/5.2 Contribute to berthing, anchoring and other mooring operations A B C (S)
Appendix J – IMO ECDIS Model Course 1.27: Recommended ECDIS Simulation Performance Standards
From the IMO ECDIS Model Course 1.27, July 2012, Section 3.5, page 84.
Appendix 6
Example: Equipment setup for ECDIS training
1 Equipment specification for ECDIS Training
The following equipment specifications describe an example setup for ECDIS training; other systems may be equally acceptable provided the system can deliver equal functionality. Provided there is sufficient equipment and an acceptable layout the “ECDIS ship mini-simulator” may be used for all relevant exercises in the course. If a full bridge simulator is used for the final passage plan exercises, the trainee will be required to undertake individual watchkeeping duties.
2 Equipment specification for ECDIS classroom Training
This equipment is for ECDIS workstation classroom training to allow demonstration and practice of ECDIS functionalities. The number of workstations required will depend on the number of trainees on the course and the time needed to complete the required exercises. There is to be a sufficient number of workstations for each trainee to be able to adequately interact with the equipment and achieve the learning outcomes.
3 Trainee Workstation to include
1. workstation with dual monitor display to meet minimum ECDIS display requirements, compatible operating system sufficient to run ECDIS software and electronic chart data;
2. workstation to be integrated into server network with navigational and ship control functionality to allow trainee to interact with other trainees and the instructor’s workstation;
3. the ECDIS display is to be provided on one monitor;
4. the other monitor to provide information on ship controls, navigational instruments and radar. This could be on either a split screen or menu selection or both. For added realism, the system may also show visuals from bridge lookout perspective if split-screen functionality is provided; and
5. the ECDIS display to be able to show both radar and AIS data along with the chart data.
4 Trainee Workstation to include
1. single workstation with either dual monitor display to meet minimum ECDIS display requirements or a single larger display able to offer display requirement equivalent functionality through split-screen capability; and
2. workstation with simulator instructor controls and monitoring software that is able to design exercises locally and execute and playback these exercises at any workstation; provided the hardware has sufficient capability, the instructor’s workstation and server/network may be contained in one unit.
5 Server/Network to include
1. server system of sufficient capability to store and run the required software and data;
2. simulator system software installed with suitable Ownship models of different characteristics and geographical sea and coastal training areas;
3. full network control, which is interfaced the installed simulator software and hydrodynamic modeling data; and
4. the transfer of data between various hardware components may be either hardwired or using wi-fi provided there is sufficient bandwidth and continuity of service.
6 Projection Display
A projection or other visual system to be provided so that exercises for group demonstration of ECDIS functionality, ownship control and techniques of ECDIS-based navigation can be displayed for instruction, feedback and other discussions.
7 Equipment specifications for ECDIS navigational mini ship simulator
The equipment is to be designed to assess the trainee’s watchkeeping capability using ECDIS on a ship’s bridge. This will include realistic simulation of the execution and monitoring stages of the passage plan created in earlier exercises.
8 Trainee ECDIS ownship mini simulator for use in route monitoring exercises:
1. workstation with ECDIS software and chart data installed with compatible operating system sufficient to run installed ECDIS software and electronic chart data;
2. three displays that can be separately display ECDIS data on the first screen, radar on the second screen, and with engine control navigational equipment on the other;
3. the ECDIS, conning, radar scenes to be capable of being displayed separately and continuously;
4. the workstation to be connected to an ECDIS integrated ownship network with navigational and ship control functionality and to have the capability to operate in either an independent or interactive way; and the ECDIS display to be able to show both radar and AIS data along with the chart data.
9 Instructor Workstation for mini simulator to include:
1. workstation with suitable display and compatible operating system with installed simulator instructor control and monitoring software; and
2. workstation to be capable of designing and executing exercises.
Note: in a multiple Ownship set-up, it is preferable that the instructor’s workstation is remote from the trainee’s Ownship simulator.
10 Server/Network for a mini simulator to include:
1. server system of sufficient capability to store and run the required software and data; and
2. simulator system software with suitable ownship models, geographical training areas and hydrodynamic modelling data, to provide full network control of exercises used on the workstations.
Radar Overlay on ECDIS
Regarding the Radar Overlay feature, the ECDIS Model Course also mentions the following.
Page 8:
ECDIS Targets, Charts & System (6.5 hours)
30. ARPA/Radar overlay (0.5 hour)
30.1. Examine sensor setup requirement for ARPA targets
30.2. Determine  speed and heading inputs used in ARPA target data calculations
30.3. Access target information display
30.4. Interpret target symbol features
30.5. Operate the user interface controls for radar overlay
30.6. Demonstrate sources of image offset
30.7. Determine  source of ECDIS-tracked target data calculations
30.8. Make corrections  to owns ship's position, using a reference point captured by ARPA
Page 73:
Detection of mispresentation of information50 Knowledge of the limitations of the equipment and detection if mispresentation of information is essential for the safe use of ECDIS. The following factors should be emphasized during training:
.1 performance standards of the equipment;
.2 radar data presentation on an electronic chart, elimination of discrepancy between the radar image and the electronic chart;
.3 possible prejection discrepancies between an electronic and paper chart;
.4 possible scale discrepancies (overscaling and underscaling) in displaying an electronic chart and its original scale;
.5 effects of using different reference systems for positioning;
.6 effects of using different horizontal and vertical daturns;
.7 effects of the motion of the ship in a seaway;
.8 ECDIS limitations in raster chart display mode;
.9 potential errors in the display of;
  .9.1 the own's ship's position;
  .9.2 radar data and ARPA and AIS information;
  .9.3 different geodetic coordinate systems; and
.10 verification of the results of manual or automatic data correction:
  .10.1 comparison of chart data and radar picture; and
  .10.2 checking the own ship's position by using the other independent positionfixing systems.
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Pratice
Setting up abd maintaining display54 Knowlegde and skills should be attained in:
  .1 the correct starting procedure to obtain the optimum display of ECDIS information;
  .2 the selection of display presentation (standard display, display base, all other information displayed individually on demand);
  .3 the correct adjustment of all variable radar of ARPA display controls for optimum display of data;
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Operational use of ECDIS where radar/ARPA is connected62 Knowlegde and skills should be attained in:
  .1 connecting ARPA to ECDIS;
  .2 indicating target's speed vectors;
  .3 indicating target's tracks;
  .4 archiving target's tracks;
  .5 viewing the table of the targets;
  .6 checking alignment of radar overlay with charted geographic features;
  .7 simulating one or more manoeuves;
  .8 corrections to own ship's position, using a reference point captured by ARPA; and
  .9 corrections using the ARPA's cursor and electronic bar.
See also section B-I/12, Guidance regarding the use of simulators (pertaining to radar and ARPA), especially paragraphs 17 to 19 and 36 to 38.

 

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